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Scientists with Hearing Loss
Changing Perspectives in
Henry I. Adler Despite extensive recruitment, minorities remain underrepresented in science,
Adda“: technology, engineering, mathematics, and medicine (STEMM). However, de-
Cam” for Hearing and Deafness cades of research suggest that diversity yields tangible benefits. Indeed, it is not
University m Buffalo surprising that teams consisting of individuals with diverse expertise are better at
The Spam Universny of New York solving problems. However, there are drawbacks to socially diverse teams, such as
(SUNY) increased discomfort, lack of trust, and poorer communication. Yet, these are oi?-
Bufialo) New York 14214 set by the increased creativity of these teams as they work harder to resolve these
USA issues (Phillips, 2014). Although gender and race typically come to mind when
thinking about diversity, people with disabilities also bring unique perspectives
E”‘“’7-’ and challenges to academic research (think about Stephen Hawking as the most
h"J“Y3dl@l7“fl3l°:°d“ notable example). This is particularly true when they work in a field related to
their disability. Here, we briefly introduce four deaf or hard-of-hearing (D/HH)
l- Ti-lflk Ram“-“"-he’ scientists involved i.n auditory research: Henry I. Adler, I. Tilak Ratnanather, Peter
Address: S. Steyger, and Brad N. Buran, the authors of this article. The first three have been
Department of Biomedical Engineering in the field since the late l980s while the fourth has just become an independent
Johns Hopkins University investigator. Our purpose is to relay to readers our experiences as D/HH research-
Baltimore, Maryland 21218 ers in auditory neuroscience.
USA More than 80 scientists with hearing loss have conducted auditory science studies
Email: in recent years. They include researchers, clinicians, and past trainees worldwide, spanning diverse backgrounds, including gender and ethnicity, and academic in-
terests ranging from audiology to psychoacoustics to molecular biology (Adler et
Peter S. Steyger al., 2017), Many have published in The Journal afthe Acoustical Society 0fAmericu
Adam‘: (IASA), and recently, Erick Crallun was elected a Fellow of the ASA Recently, ap-
Oregon Hearing Research center proximately-20-D/HH investigators gathered (see Figure 1) at the annual meeting
Omgm Health & Science Univgmty of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology (ARO) that has, in our consen-
Pmflmd) Oregon 97239 sus opinion, set the benchmark for accessibility at scientific conferences.
USA The perspective of scientists who are D/HH provides novel insights into under-
Ema”: standing auditory perception, hearing loss, and restoring auditory functionality.
flEYgerP@ohs“>edu Their identifies as DIHH individuals are diverse, and their ability to hear ranges
from moderate to profound hearing loss. Likewise, their strategies to overcome
Brad N. Bum“ spoken language barriers range from writing back and forth (including email or
text messaging) to real-time captioning to assistive listening devices to sign lan-
guage to Cued Speech.
Oregon Hearing Research Center
Oregon Health & Science University Henry _J_ Adar
Pmfland’ Oregon 97239 Born with profound hearing loss, I was diagnosed at 11 months of age and have
USA since worn hearing aids. I attended the Lexington School for the Deaf in Iackson
Email; Heights, New York, NY. and then was mainstrearned (from 4th grade) into public schools (including the Bronx  School of Science) in New York City. When I
was at Lexington, its policy forbade any sign language, and listening and spoken
language (LSL) was my primary mode of communication. At Harvard College,
as 1 A|:uunI:lI:l Tbdly 1 Spring mm | volume 15, lsxuel ©2019Amusximlsocmyqmmerim.A11 right; mmed.

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