Page 46 - Winter2021
P. 46

elongated tails of pulses in a turbulent atmosphere. Scat- tering in continuous and discrete random media have many similarities and can often be described with the same equations (Ostashev et al., 2018).
We hope that this article has helped to illuminate the origins of WPRM and Tatarskii’s contributions to the subject while providing interesting examples of its applications to the atmosphere and ocean and to remote sensing of these media.
Bradley, S. (2010). Atmospheric Acoustic Remote Sensing: Principles and Applications. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Clay, C. S., and Medwin, H. (1977). Acoustical Oceanography: Prin- ciples and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY.
Colosi, J. A. (2016). Sound Propagation Through the Stochastic Ocean. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
Colosi, J. A., Cornuelle, B. D., Dzieciuch, M. A., Worcester, P. F., and Chandrayadula, T. K. (2019). Observations of phase and intensity fluctuations for low-frequency, long-range transmissions in the Phil- ippine Sea and comparisons to path-integral theory. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 146(1), 567-585.
Costley, R. D. (2020). Battlefield acoustics in the First World War: Artillery location. Acoustics Today 16(2), 31-39.
Dozier, L. B., and Tappert, F. D. (1978). Statistics of normal mode amplitudes in a random ocean. I. Theory. The Journal of the Acousti- cal Society of America 63(2), 353-365.
Flatté, S. M. (1983a). Wave propagation through random media: Contributions from ocean acoustics. Proceedings of the IEEE 71(11), 1267-1294.
Flatté, S. M. (1983b). Principles of acoustic tomography of internal waves. In Proceedings OCEANS’83, San Francisco, CA, August 29 to September 1, pp. 372-377.
Flatté, S. M., Dashen, R., Munk, W. H., Watson, K. M., and Zacha- riasen, F. (1979). Sound Transmission Through a Fluctuating Ocean. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
Garrett, C., and Munk, W. H, (1972). Space-time scales of internal waves. Geophysical Fluid Dynamics 3(3), 225-264.
Gilbert, K. E., Raspet, R., and Di, X. (1990). Calculation of turbulence effects in an upward‐refracting atmosphere. The Journal of the Acous- tical Society of America 87(6), 2428-2437.
Kamrath, M. J., Ostashev, V. E., Wilson, D. K., White, M. J., Hart, C. R., and Finn, A. (2021). Vertical and slanted sound propagation in the near-ground atmosphere: Amplitude and phase fluctuations. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 149(3), 2055-2071. Kolmogorov, A. N. (1941). The local structure of turbulence in incom- pressible viscous fluid for very large Reynolds numbers. Doklady
Akademii Nauk SSSR 30(4), 299-303. (In Russian.)
Krasilnikov, V. A. (1945). Sound propagation in a turbulent atmosphere.
Doklady Ackademii Nauk SSSR 47(7) 486-489 (in Russian).
Munk, W. H., and Wunsch, C. (1979). Ocean acoustic tomography: A scheme for large scale monitoring. Deep Sea Research Part A. Ocean-
ographic Research Papers 26(2), 123-161.
Munk, W. H., and Zachariasen, F. (1976). Sound propagation through
a fluctuating stratified ocean: Theory and observation. The Journal
of the Acoustical Society of America 59(4), 818-838.
Munk, W. H., Worcester, P., and Wunsch, C. (1994). Ocean Acoustic
Tomography. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY. 46 Acoustics Today • Winter 2021
Munk, W. H., Worcester, P., and Zachariasen, F. (1981). Scattering of sound by internal wave currents: The relation to vertical momentum flux. Journal of Physical Oceanography 11(4), 442-454.
Obukhov, A. M. (1953). Sound and light propagation in a weakly inhomogeneous atmosphere. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR. Seriya Geofizicheskaya 2, 155-165 (in Russian). Reprinted in Waves in Random Media 4, 9-19 (1994).
Ostashev, V. E., and Wilson, D. K. (2015). Acoustics in Moving Inho- mogeneous Media, 2nd ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Ostashev, V. E., Wilson, D. K., Muhlestein, M. B., and Attenborough, K. (2018). Correspondence between sound propagation in discrete and continuous random media with application to forest acoustics. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 143(2), 1194-1205.
Rytov, S. M. (1937). Diffraction of light by ultrasonic waves. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk SSSR, Seriya Fizicheskaya 2, 223-259 (in Russian). Rytov, S. M., Kravtsov, Y. A., and Tatarskii, V. I. (1989). Principles of
Statistical Radio Physics. Springer, Berlin, Germany.
Sato, H., Fehler, M. C., and Maeda, T. (2012) Wave Propagation and
Scattering in the Heterogeneous Earth. Springer, Berlin, Germany. Spindel, R. C., and Worcester, P. F. (2016). Walter H. Munk: Seventy-
five years of exploring the seas. Acoustics Today 12(1), 36-42.
Stout, T. A., Sparrow, V. W., and Blanc-Benon, P. (2021). Evalua-
tion of numerical predictions of sonic boom level variability due to atmospheric turbulence. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of
America 149, 3250-3260.
Tatarskii, V. I. (1959). Wave Propagation in a Turbulent Medium. USSR
Academy of Sciences, Moscow (in Russian). English translation: McGraw-Hill, New York, NY (1961).
Tatarskii, V. I. (1967). The Effect of the Turbulent Atmosphere on Wave Propagation. Nauka, Moscow, USSR (in Russian). English transla- tion: Israel Program for Scientific Translation, Jerusalem (1971).
Tatarskii, V. I. (1969). Light propagation in a medium with random refractive index inhomogeneities in the Markov random process approximation. Soviet Physics JETP 29(6), 2106-2117.
Treeby, B. E., Jaros, J., Martin, E., and Cox, B. T. (2019). From biology to bytes: Predicting the path of ultrasound waves through the human body. Acoustics Today 15(2), 36-44.
Van Uffelen, L. J. (2021) Global positioning systems: Over land and under sea. Acoustics Today 17(1), 52-60.
Wheelon, A. D. (2001). Electromagnetic Scintillation. Vol. 1: Geometri- cal Optics. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
Wheelon, A. D. (2003). Electromagnetic Scintillation. Vol. 2: Weak Scattering. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
Wilson, D. K., and Thomson, D. W. (1994). Acoustic tomographic monitoring of the atmospheric surface layer. Journal of the Atmo- spheric and Oceanic Technology 11, 751-769.
Wilson, D. K., Pettit, C. L., and Ostashev, V. E. (2015). Sound propagation in the atmospheric boundary layer. Acoustics Today 11(2), 44-53.
Worcester, P. F., Munk, W. H., and Spindel, R. C. (2005). Acoustic remote sensing of ocean gyres. Acoustics Today 1(1), 11-17.
 About the Authors
 Vladimir E. Ostashev
Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) University of Colorado Boulder
216 UCB
Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA

   44   45   46   47   48